I’m sure this is old news to those familiar with the unix-like operating systems and Stallman’s Free Software Foundation, but I just recently stumbled across the reason why the GNU version of su does not support the common wheel group.
Taken from this website:
Why GNU su does not support the `wheel‘ group
(This section is by Richard Stallman.)
Sometimes a few of the users try to hold total power over all the rest. For example, in 1984, a few users at the MIT AI lab decided to seize power by changing the operator password on the Twenex system and keeping it secret from everyone else. (I was able to thwart this coup and give power back to the users by patching the kernel, but I wouldn’t know how to do that in Unix.)
However, occasionally the rulers do tell someone. Under the usual su mechanism, once someone learns the root password who sympathizes with the ordinary users, he or she can tell the rest. The “wheel group” feature would make this impossible, and thus cement the power of the rulers.
I’m on the side of the masses, not that of the rulers. If you are used to supporting the bosses and sysadmins in whatever they do, you might find this idea strange at first.
Stallman is definitely not someone I’d want in charge of the security of my system.